Archive for December, 2010

ASA – Botnet Configuration

December 10th, 2010 No comments

This configuration example is meant to be interpreted with the aid of the official documentation from the configuration guide located here:
Malware is malicious software that is installed on an unknowing host. Malware that attempts network activity such as sending private data (passwords, credit card numbers, key strokes, or proprietary data) can be detected by the Botnet Traffic Filter when the malware starts a connection to a known bad IP address. The Botnet Traffic Filter checks incoming and outgoing connections against a dynamic database of known bad domain names and IP addresses (the blacklist), and then logs or blocks any suspicious activity.
The ASA must be running minimum 8.2 code to be able to configure botnet feature.
ASA-5505# sh ver

Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance Software Version 8.2(1)
Device Manager Version 6.2(5)
Botnet license must be installed on the ASA

ASA-5505# sh ver
Cisco Adaptive Security Appliance Software Version 8.2(1) 
Device Manager Version 6.2(5)
Botnet Traffic Filter        : Enabled


Once license expires filtering will not work until license is renewed.
Botnet Traffic Filter does not share any information between Failover pairs.
Failovers or Reboots require a re-download of the Dynamic Database.
Currently there is no support for IPV6.
Step by Step Configuration

1. Enable DNS client on ASA
This steps is required to allow it to resolve the address of CSIO’s updater service, so the dynamic filter update client to fetch updates.

ASA(config)# dns domain-lookup outside
ASA(config)#dns server-group DefaultDNS


2. Enable dynamic traffic filtering (Botnet Traffic Filter).

ASA(config)#dynamic-filter updater-client enable


3. Enable the Botnet Traffic Filter database update.

ASA(config)#dynamic-filter use-database


4. Classify the traffic that will be exempted and subjected.

ASA(config)#access-list botnet-exclude extended deny ip any  ---> exempted traffic
ASA(config)#access-list botnet-exclude extended permit ip any any  ---> subjected traffic


5. Enable dynamic-filter classification on outside interface

ASA(config)#dynamic-filter enable interface outside classify-list botnet-exclude


6. Configure a class map and only match dns traffic

ASA(config)#class-map botnet-DNS
ASA(config-cmap)# match port udp eq domain


7. Enable DNS snooping on the external interface

ASA(config)# policy-map botnet-policy
ASA(config-pmap)# class botnet-DNS
ASA(config-pmap-c)# inspect dns dynamic-filter-snoop
ASA(config)# service-policy botnet-policy interface outside


Alternatively, you can also choose to apply this to the existing global policy that is already configured on the ASA.

class-map inspection_default
match default-inspection-traffic
policy-map global_policy
class inspection_default
  inspect dns dynamic-filter-snoop
service-policy global_policy global


8. Define local whitelists and/or blacklists if needed.
Never block addresses:
This is traffic to or from an IP address that is considered to be good. It is part of administrator configured lists.

ASA(config)# dynamic-filter whitelist
ASA(config-llist)# name
ASA(config-llist)# name


Manual Black List:
This is traffic to or from an IP address that is considered to be malicious. This IP address can be either an IP address/network entry in the dynamic blacklist or administrator configured blacklist, or it can be a snooped IP address that was found in a DNS reply for a blacklisted domain.

ASA(config)# dynamic-filter blacklist
ASA(config-llist)# name
ASA(config-llist)# name
ASA(config-llist)# address


Final Configuration Section:

dns domain-lookup outside
dns server-group DefaultDNS
dynamic-filter updater-client enable
dynamic-filter use-database
access-list botnet-exclude extended deny ip any 
access-list botnet-exclude extended permit ip any any
dynamic-filter enable interface outside classify-list botnet-exclude
class-map botnet-DNS
match port udp eq domain
policy-map botnet-policy
class botnet-DNS
  inspect dns dynamic-filter-snoop 
service-policy botnet-policy interface outside



338001 – 338004
338101 – 338104
338201 – 338204
338301 – 338310
Show commands

show dynamic-filter data
dynamic-filter database find <string>
show dynamic-filter reports top botnet-sites
show dynamic-filter reports top infected-hosts
show dynamic-filter reports top botnet-ports


clear dynamic-filter statistics
The dynamic filter statistics can be cleared at any time with this command. To clear the statistics for a certain interface use the optional interface nameif keyword for the command.

clear dynamic-filter reports top [botnet-sites | botnet-ports | infected-hosts]
This command will reset all statistics back to 0 and remove all entries from the reports.

clear dynamic-filter dns-snoop
This command deletes all of the entries from the DNSRC. DNS reverse Cache Information.

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